Volume 42 - Issue 4 - 459 - 468

Comparing Botanical Origin and Volatile Compounds of Some Turkish Honey Samples

Bazı Türkiye Balları’nın Botanik Kökeni ile Uçucu Bileşiklerinin Kıyaslanması

The aim of this study is to determine relations exist between microscopic analysis and chemical profile in ho- ney samples collected from Turkey. For this purpose, nine honey samples were collected. Eight of them were obtained from different locations of Turkey (Adana, Erzincan, Erzurum, Düzce, Rize, Hatay) and one from market shelf. The samples were grouped according to their botanical origins after microscopic analysis. According to the results of microscopic analysis, we found that four of them are multifloral, three of them are chesnut, one of them is Calluna and the last one is honeydew honey. The volatile compounds of the honey samples were determined by Solid Phase Microextraction/Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (SPME/GC-MS) method. The results showed that it is impossible to standardize the multifloral honeys in chemical composition base. Accor- ding to our results “Aminoacetophenone” can be a marker compound for chesnut honeys, “Nonanal” for Calluna honey. Definite marker compound could’nt be identified for investigated honeydewhoney in this research. 

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