Some Characteristic Properties of Chestnut and Rhododendron Honeys in Turkey

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Nazlı Mayda Aslı Özkök, Doç. Dr. Kadriye Sorkun, Prof. Dr.

Abstract

Chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) and Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp. L.) (mad honey) honeys  are produced generally in Black Sea Region in Turkey and both of them are the special honeys because of their organic component content and known their high antioxidant capacity.


In the first step of this study we researched the melissopalynological differentiation of the chestnut and rhododendron honeys and then in the second step we determined the chemical compounds and sugar content of the rhododendron, chestnut and mixed chestnut&rhododendron honeys.


For this purpose total 18 honey samples were collected from 4 different districts from Black Sea Region of Turkey and melissopalynological analyses were done by microscope. Chemical composition and sugar content (Fructose&Glucose) were determined by HPLC and GC-MS.


After melissopalynological analyses were obtained 10 monofloral chestnut, 2 monofloral rhododendron and 6 mixed chestnut&rhododendron honeys. As a result of sugar analysis with HPLC, F/G rates were found between 1.17 and 1.80. GC-MS chemical substance analyses of honeys revealed alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, aliphatic acids and their esters, carboxylic acids and their esters and flavonoids.

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How to Cite
MAYDA, Nazlı; ÖZKÖK, Aslı; SORKUN, Kadriye. Some Characteristic Properties of Chestnut and Rhododendron Honeys in Turkey. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 46, n. 1, p. 135-145, feb. 2018. ISSN 1303-5002. Available at: <http://hjbc.hacettepe.edu.tr/index.php/hjbc/article/view/117>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2018.
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